Wushu Basics- Instruction, Style and Stance
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Wushu Basics- Instruction, Style and Stance

Th basics behind Chinese martial arts.

Wushu-translated into English it means martial arts-is a term which is used to categorize all Chinese martial arts forms. A student of Wushu must make some choices when regarding what form or style of Wushu they wish to pursue. Taolu and Sanshou are the two main categories practiced today. Either way, the student must master the basics of Wushu before deciding a path to master.

Why the Basics

The more proficient the student is at the basics; the quicker they will be able to progress to harder, more difficult stages of the martial art of choice. To be successful at the basics one must practices the techniques often. Stretching, meditation, and stances are just as important as the kicks and punches, and possibly more so. All the basic techniques need to become part of the student’s every day agenda.


It does not matter if you have decided to train in Shaolin, TaiChi or Kung Fu; try to find an instructor that is experienced in the style you want. It is important that a student actively finds the right instructor for their style of choice. The instructor should be able to teach you all the fundamental styles and be extremely proficient in at least one style for mastery.

In some cases, the instructor will appoint you a style after watching you for a period of instruction. This is considered optimum, because the instructor will know your strengths and weaknesses. This helps to stop the student from picking the style that looks fun, versus the one that they would be best at.


A typical program will consist of eight styles. These styles are part of the foundation that you will build your Wushu talents on. First, a student will learn all eight styles and will become mildly proficient in all of them. It is possible to continue more advanced studies these styles once the student graduates to a moderate level of expertise. However, most students will then choose one style to master and that style will become their style of expertise.

The styles are broken into two categories; Northern system and Southern system. The sub categories of bare hand, short weapon and long weapon cross reference the systems. For example: a student learning Northern system bare hand techniques would be learning chang quan, or long fist; while a student learning Southern system bare hand would be taught nan quan, or Southern fist.


Beginning students will learn the basic strike and kick, but the most important is the stance. There are five basic stances that all Wushu students are expected to learn. They are the Horse stance, Bow stance, Drop stance, Cross stance and the Empty stance. The stances are vital to learn center of balance. The majority of other moves that are learned in Wushu will start from one of these five basic stances.

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Comments (5)

A very interesting and educational article.Out of votes so will return when I can award you that.

Returning with a well deserved vote up.

This sounds interesting... certainly a great way to keep fit!

Thank you Roberta and Ann. I always enjoy reading both of your articles.

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